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Dictionary K

TermExplanation
KaizenThe Japanese term for improvement; continuing improvement involving everyonemanagers and workers. In manufacturing, kaizen relates to finding and eliminating waste in machinery, labor, or production methods.
Kaizen BlitzA rapid improvement of a limited process area, for example, a production cell. Part of the improvement team consists of workers in that area. The objectives are to use innovative thinking to eliminate non-value-added work and to immediately implement the changes within a week or less. Ownership of the improvement by the area work team and the development of the team’s problem-solving skills are additional benefits.
KanbanA method which during storage uses standard units or lot sizes with a single card attached to each. A pull system used at a stock point in which a supply batch is ordered only when a previous batch is withdrawn.
KangarooFrench system of rail transport whereby goods carrying trailers are carried by rail on specially built wagons.
KeelThe chief and lowest support of the whole frame of vessel. Extending from stem to stem. Often seen as the “backbone” of the ship.
Keeper of vehiclePerson/firm named on vehicle registration document as being the ‘keeper’ (i.e. the operator, not necessarily the owner , who may be a lessor/finance house, etc) and to whom owner liability aspects of law apply (e.g. for failure by driver to respond to fixed penalty notices).
KeiretsuA form of cooperative relationship among companies in Japan where the companies largely remain legally and economically independent, even though they work closely in various ways such as sole sourcing and financial banking. A member of a keiretsu generally owns a limited amount of stock in other member companies. A keiretsu generally forms around a bank and a trading company but “distribution” (supply chain) keiretsus exist linking companies from raw material suppliers to retailers.
Kerb weightThe weight of a vehicle in road-going condition, inclusive of oil, water and fuel but without a load of the driver or any passenger on board , not to be confused with unladen/tare/gvw.
Key CustodiansThe persons, assigned by the security administrators of trading partners, that send or receive a component of either the master key or exchange key used to encrypt data encryption keys. This control technique involves dual control, with split knowledge that requires two key custodians.
KickbackRebate usually given to person who is in position to purchase or order transportation service for his/her firm. Usually, this is an illegal parctice
Kinematic envelopeAdditional clearance around static gauge of rail wagon to allow for lateral and vertical movement when traveling at speed.
King pinThe coupling pin, welded or bolted in the centre of the front underside of a semi-trailer chassis, which couples to the fifth wheel of the towing tractor or dolly converter.
KittingLight assembly of components or parts into defined units. Kitting reduces the need to maintain an inventory of pre-built completed products, but increases the time and labor consumed at shipment.
Knock downWhen articles are taken apart for the purpose of reducing the cubic space of the shipment, it is referred to as a knock down shipment. This is simply a process of disassembling
KnotUnit of measurement for the speed (of a vessel) equal to a nautical mile (= 1852 metres) per hour.
Known damageDamage discovered at the time of delivery, or known before delivery.
Known lossLoss or absence of part of the shipment, discovered on delivery, or known before delivery.
Kombi-transGerman rail system (Kombiverkehr) for carrying goods vehicle/trailers.
KPIKey performance indicator. Benchmark in a particular field/operation against which performance is measured (vehicle utilization, empty running, fuel economy, etc).

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