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Dictionary Q

Qualitative Forecasting TechniquesIn forecasting, an approach that is based on intuitive or judgmental evaluation. It is used generally when data are scarce, not available, or no longer relevant. Common types of qualitative techniques include: personal insight, sales force estimates, panel consensus, market research, visionary forecasting, and the Delphi method. Examples include developing long-range projections and new product introduction
QualifierA data element, which identifies or defines a related element, set of elements or a segment. The qualifier contains a code from a list of approved codes.
QualityConformance to requirements or fitness for use. Quality can be defined through five principal approaches: (1) Transcendent quality is an ideal, a condition of excellence. (2) Product-based quality is based on a product attribute. (3) Userbased quality is fitness for use. (4) Manufacturing-based quality is conformance to requirements. (5) Value-based quality is the degree of excellence at an acceptable price. Also, quality has two major components: (a) quality of conformance,quality is defined by the absence of defects, and (b) quality of design,quality is measured by the degree of customer satisfaction with a product’s characteristics and features.
Quality assuranceThe set of activities that specifies acceptable material and process parameters and measures actual performance in meeting defined quality standards. When used in reference to a department- quality assurance (QA) or quality control (QC)- it often indicates that responsibility for meeting quality standards has been delegated to that department, and is not an assumed function of other company operations
Quality controlThe management function that attempts to ensure that the foods or services manufactured or purchased meet the product or service specifications
Quality costsThe quality life cycle costs identified with conformance and customer satisfaction, usually categorized as prevention (training and predictive process controls), appraisal (inspection and testing), internal failure (rework, scrap, downtime) and external failure (customer returns processing, warranty charges, replacements).
Quality of Service (QoS) levelA network or system agreement that specifies uptime, response time, acceptable error rates and other conditions for a given service and designated user base
Quantity allocatedAlso known as committed quantity, commitments, or allocations. Quantity allocated is the quantity that is on current open sales orders or production orders (as components), and may be relative to a specific time period. Also see Allocations
Quantity availableis the result of a calculation that takes quantity on hand and reduces it by allocations (for sales orders, manufacturing orders, etc). Quantity available may or may not be date specific and therefore take into account future receipts. Quantity available calculations are sometimes very complicated and vary from one software product to another
Quantity in transitin multi-branch environments, quantity in transit reflects the quantity that has been shipped from one branch/facility to another branch/facility, but has not yet been received by that branch/facility. In operations that use advanced tracking of receipts, it may reflect quantities that have been shipped by outside vendors, but not yet received
Quantity on handQuantity on hand describes the actual physical inventory in the possession of the business. When inventory is received or produced, it is added to quantity on hand, when inventory is sold or consumed, it is removed from quantity on hand
Quantity on orderincludes quantity on open purchase orders or manufacturing orders. May or may not include quantities on transfer orders from other branches
Quantity roundingSystem functions that modify the original result of a transaction by rounding up or down to a specified number of decimal places. Typically used when a unit of measure conversion is performed (cases to eaches) and the generated value does not make sense from a physical or operating standpoint.
QuarantineIn quality management, the setting aside of items from availability for use or sale until all required quality tests have been performed and conformance certified
QuayMan-made docking area for loading/unloading vessels. Docking is parallel, allowing loading/unloading from one side of ship.
QueueJobs, orders or activities waiting to be processed and prioritized by a FIFO, LIFO, critical ratio or other measure.
Queue timeTime spent by a specific job or order waiting to be processed by a resource that is currently not immediately available for that job.
Quick responseSystems that attempt to provide quick turnaround and reduced lead time based on the location and level of inventory, and linked communications systems that quickly translate and evaluate changes in customer requirements based on usage and POS data
QuotationA limitation on the quantity of goods that may be imported during a specific period of time. Quotas can include limitations on all countries, or can target specific countries.
QuoteAn offer to sell goods at a stated price and under specified conditions
Queue timeAmount of time before set-up or processing of a job

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